It is a surgery to replace all or part of the hip or knee joint with an artificial joint called a prosthesis.
There are several reasons why your doctor might recommend hip replacement surgery. People who are candidates for this type of replacement surgery often have:
• Hip pain limiting daily activities, such as walking or flexing.
• Hip pain that persists at rest.
• Rigidity in a hip limiting the ability to move or preventing lifting the leg.
• Insufficient relief of pain with the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy or walking aids.
The most common reason to perform a knee arthroplasty is to relieve the intense pain of arthritis. The doctor may recommend this replacement surgery if:
• Pain due to arthritis of the knee that does not allow sleeping or doing daily activities.
• Pain prevents walking and moving properly.
• Knee pain has not improved sufficiently with another treatment.
• Radiological confirmation of arthritic deformity of several joint compartments: tricompartmental arthrosis.